Best Things to do in Bukhara, Uzbekistan

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THINGS TO DO IN BUKHARA, UZBEKISTAN

Each Uzbekistan city seems to have its own particular charm and vibe. Bukhara’s historic centre, UNESCO listed in 1993, is no different. This old city, lying in the heart of Central Asia on the ancient Silk Road route, seamlessly intertwines its historic past with the conveniences of the modern day. Bukhara’s vibe is relaxed and welcoming and with over 140 ancient monuments dating back to the 6th century B.C., there are plenty of great things to do in Bukhara.

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Many beautiful sights await you in Bukhara

READ MORE: Best Uzbekistan Travel Tips and Guide

MAP: PLACES TO VISIT IN BUKHARA

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Be inquisitive…

TOP THINGS TO DO IN BUKHARA


1. VISIT LYABI KHAUSE

Bukhara’s old city’s pulse seems strongest at Lyabi Khause, (or Lyabi-Hauz), a hauz or pond, which was once used for water storage. Now, however, few ponds remain in Bukhara.

This particular one, with its palm tree-fringed perimeter, provides a popular meeting place for both locals and travellers alike.

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Lyabi Khause pool, Bukhara, has an inviting ambience at sunset
seated-area-around-a-pool-with-madrasse-in-the-back-ground
This popular restaurant at Lyabi Khause has a warm, friendly vibe

Quiet by day, Lyabi Khause takes on a vibrant atmosphere by night. The sounds of an Uzbek musician seem to infuse the waiters with haste. They speedily deliver food and drink to the tapchans, the traditional raised eating platforms, where sitting cross-legged is the order of the day. For those whose legs aren’t happy to criss-cross, there are standard tables and chairs available too.

Talk a walk around Lyabi Khause and you’ll find a huge mulberry tree planted way back in the year 1477. Whether you decide to visit Lyabi Khause by day or night, there are many attractions close by to whet your appetite.

2. EXPLORE LYAB-I-HAUZ ENSEMBLE

This ensemble consists of three 17th-century complexes surrounding the Lyabi Khause pool.

  • Madrasah Nadir Devon Begi (adjacent to the park),
  • A Khanaka or lodging-house (opposite) and
  • The Kukeldash Madrasah (across the road).

MADRASAH NADIR DEVON BEGI

Things to do in Bukhara: Beautiful mosaics on the Nadir Devon Begi Madrasah
Beautiful mosaics on the Nadir Devon Begi Madrasah

Shadowing the park is the eminent Madrasah Nadir Devon Begi. Its mosaics, on the front building, show distinctive colourful tigers and antelopes.

In many of the madrasahs we visited, the internal courtyard contained small handicraft shops. In this madrassah, what caught our attention was a rhythmical hammering noise in the courtyard. We followed the noise and came across a few artisans with hammers and chisels creating delicate designs in metals.

An artisan working a metal plate with hammer and chisel
An artisan working with hammer and chisel

KUKELDASH MADRASAH

From the outside, the Kukeldash Madrasah, which can be found opposite Lyabi Khause, does not have the colourful artwork facade of the Madrasah Nadir Devon Begi, but don’t let that lead you to think it isn’t worth a visit.

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Shop front of ‘Anor’ – Suzani Shopping Centre

A small unobtrusive sign on the outside of the madrassah, Anor – Suzani Shopping Centre, indicated that a business selling handicrafts lay within. Entering, we saw that the walls and floors were filled with tapestries. But not just any tapestries, but special Suzani or needle embroidered tapestries.

The owner, Zaynab Muradova, proudly showed us the differences between the Persian Suzani and other different types of embroidery.

An Uzbek lady holding one of her hand stitched Suzani tapestries
Zaynab Muradova, the proud owner of ‘Anor’

Zayna explained how the stories of life were stitched into the patterns and that depicting the popular pomegranate was a sign of good luck. Zaynab is also a teacher of Suzani embroidery at the local university and is also planning to offer embroidery courses for tourists. 

KHANAKA OR LODGING HOUSE

We could not enter the lodging house at the time of our visit as the area was fenced off and nearby trees prevented a good photo. The best we could do was a distance shot taken from Lyabi Khause. The front façade has some amazing detail.

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The intricate mosaics of Khanaka, Bukhara

3. ADMIRE THE HODJA NASRUDDIN STATUE

Inside the park between Lyabi Khause and Madrasah Nadir Devon Begi, is an interesting statue of a comical-looking man gesturing with his hands on a somewhat small donkey.

Who is this man?

Well, it’s Hodja Nasruddin, an ancient philosopher known along the ancient Silk Road for his wisdom and wit.

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The statue of Hodja Nasruddin

While we were watching, a constant stream of people not only took photos with Hodja but also rubbed the statue for good luck. It is obviously a popular place to visit in Bukhara. Hodja was probably laughing to himself at this thought, but regardless, he was certainly getting plenty of attention from both locals and visitors alike.

On a side note: whilst at the statue, we spied what was an odd sight amongst these ancient buildings — a bright red hop-on / hop-off double-decker bus parked up and splashed with advertising for tours of Bukhara.

Looks like Bukhara is taking its tourism to the next level.

4. VISIT CHOR MINOR AND NEARBY MARKET

Within easy walking distance of Lyabi Khause, you’ll arrive at the cute 19th-century four blue-domed towers madrasah. Entry to Chor Minor is free and once you enter, you’ll find a single vendor squeezed into the entrance selling some traditional handicrafts. 

The distinctive 4 blue-domes of a small madrasah
The distinctive four blue domes of Chor Minor

Another thing to do in Bukhara, while near Chor Minor, and what caught our interest here, was the market opposite. Here, an array of old war memorabilia including uniforms and medals were on sale. We hadn’t seen the likes of this before in Uzbekistan. Imagine the stories, if those medals could talk.

War medals on old war uniforms
War memorabilia on sale opposite Chor Minor

5. BUKHARA PHOTO GALLERY

If you are interested in photography, old cameras or prints of the old city, then the Bukhara Photo Gallery is another place to visit in Bukhara. This private gallery has paintings and prints on sale depicting typical Uzbek life.

Entrance to the Bukhara art gallery with its typical islamic styled curved entrance
Bukhara Photo Gallery

6. VISIT THE PO-I-KALYAN ENSEMBLE

Three main buildings make up the Po-i-Kalyan ensemble: the Kalon Minaret, Poi Kalyan Mosque and the Miri-Arab Madrasah.

KALON MINARET

If you’re in the old city of Bukhara then you can’t help but see the 12th-century Kalon Minaret. At 45m in height, it dominates the skyline.

Genghis Khan was so impressed with this structure, that he commanded that it remain standing. Up until the early 20th century, those caught breaking the law were marched to the top of the minaret and pushed over — sealing their fate.

As you can probably guess, sunset photos featuring Kalon Minaret are something well worth considering.

An earthen bricked minaret by day
Kalon minaret by day
A beautifully lit golden minaret at night
Kalon minaret by night

POI KALYAN MOSQUE 

You don’t realise how impressive this 16th-century structure is until you walk into its courtyard. This mosque has a staggering 288 domes resting on 208 pillars within its galleries which encircle the courtyard.

The courtyard contains a lone mulberry tree which shades some seating and gives respite from the sun.

Note: The mosque closes just prior to sunset.

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The expansive Poi Kalyan Mosque

MIRI-ARAB MADRASAH

Opposite the entrance to Kalyan Mosque, is the recognisable Miri-Arab Madrasah, with its two large blue domes and spectacular tiled mosaics. This madrasah is still being used, providing education to future imams and religious leaders.

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Miri-Arab Madrasah is still a working madrasah

7. ADMIRE THE ABDULLOXON AND MODARIXON MADRASAHS

Close to the eastern entrance to the Samoniylar Istirohat bog’i park are two 16th-century madrasahs facing each other. Both the Abdulloxon madrasah and Modarixon madrasah have impressive blue-tiled mosaics and beautifully inscribed portals.

By chance, we were able to take a peek into the Modarixon madrasah courtyard which seemed to be quite neglected and at a guess unused. But this may be because this madrasah is away from the usual tourist route, and has yet to attract much attention.

Regardless, it was again great to see this wonderful workmanship still standing the test of time.

Inner courtyard of a madrasah seen through a lttice
Inner courtyard of the Abdulloxon Madrasah
More intricate mosaics, this time on the Modarixon Madrasah

8. VISIT SAMANID MAUSOLEUM

The Samanid small 9th-century mausoleum is special because it was built at a time when Islam forbade erecting any post-mortem monuments.

This family crypt is devoid of any of the intricately coloured mosaics seen in buildings in later centuries. Instead, symmetrically, patterned mud bricks give the building its own uniqueness.

An old earthen square bricked building with single central dome
The old earthen bricked Samanid Mausoleum

9. BE AMAZED AT BOLO HAOUZ MOSQUE

Setting itself apart from other mosques, the 18th-century Bolo Haouz Mosque rises above the ground on twenty beautifully coloured and sculptured wooden columns. This is perfectly complemented by the exquisite patterns displayed on the ceiling.

The many wooden vertical multi-coloured pillars of a Mosque
The many wooden pillars of the Bolo Haouz Mosque
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Massive wooden supports of Bolo Haouz Mosque

10. THE ARK

Dating back to the 4th century, this huge earthen walled citadel, now called the Ark,  acted as a residence for the ruling Khans.

Access to the citadel is via a long uphill passageway, passing through a massive portal. The walls tower above the surrounding flatlands to a height of 20m. The inside of the Ark boasts a throne room, music pavilion, jewellers, stables, stores, jail and other rooms, which can all be viewed once inside the walls.

Huge earthen walls of a citadel tower over passers-by
Huge earthen walls of The Ark tower over passers-by

11. CLIMB THE SUKHOV OBSERVATION TOWER

In the park opposite the entrance to The Ark, you can find a 20th-century modern observation tower with its own restaurant. It has one of the highest vantage points across Bukhara.

Observation tower as seen from a nearby citadel
Observation tower

12. VISIT THE MEMORIAL COMPLEX OF IMAM AL-BUKHARI

Close by the observatory is this striking memorial to Imam Al-Bukhari, who lived in the 1st century as one of the most revered Imams in Islam. He collected some of the most authentic sayings of the Prophet Mohammed which amount to thousands. Inside this complex lies his tomb and a museum.

The modern curving half circular brick structure
The curving structure resembles the crescent moon

13. JUST WANDER THROUGH BUKHARA OLD TOWN

Just walking through the streets of the old town is interesting in itself. Seemingly forgotten and neglected madrasahs and mosques dot the streets within easy walking distance of each other. The buildings are generally chained shut but you can often spy through small openings to see the unkept inner courtyards.

Local markets spring up in most of the free spaces in Bukhara, whether on the pavements or back streets. As we said before, the locals are not pushy to make a sale and it’s this friendliness that made us want to take a look without the pressure to buy.

Uzbek local lady dressed in colourful clothes and half-smiling
Warm and friendly is an accurate description of the locals here in Bukhara

MAYBE MISS THIS ONE: HOUSE MUSEUM XIXth CENTURY

This small dilapidated dwelling had a hand-painted sign, House Museum XIXth Century, on the outside of its courtyard. Looking in from the entrance, the yard was filled with random collections of local bric-a-brac with no theme of any sort.

The owner claimed there were great views of the old city, but this was not the case. We reluctantly parted with 20,000 SOM, even though no prices were on display, on the insistence of the owner.

Our recommendation would be to avoid this place.

WHERE TO EAT IN BUKHARA

Look for Lyabi Khause, an old water storage pond in the old town, where you’ll find a very popular restaurant and beside it a cafe. Nestled amongst the madrasahs, it is a great open place to relax and you’ll also be treated to some local nighttime music whilst you tuck into the great food on offer.

For more places to eat, check Lonely Planets Bukhara Restaurant Guide here. 

WHERE TO STAY IN BUKHARA

We stayed at the Amir-Yaxyo Hotel for our time in Bukhara. It was only a few hundred metres from Lyabi Khause,  a great location. We can also vouch for the fantastic breakfast and fast wifi.

For more options – check out the Bukhara accommodation deals available on Booking.com

Minaret-inscriptions

THINGS TO DO IN BUKHARA… That’s a Wrap

We thoroughly enjoyed all these great things to do in Bukhara. The old town is filled with a variety of grand monuments and buildings. You also have the choice to just wander the streets and investigate all the interesting nooks and crannies.

If you’ve visited or you do so in the future,  let us know your favourite things to do in Bukhara by adding a comment in the box below.

Happy travels.

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For a more thorough list visit our Travel Resources page here.

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