Home » Destinations » South Africa » Volunteering with Monkeys in South Africa: How-to Guide

Even before we embarked on our Overlanding Africa adventure, we knew that volunteering with monkeys in South Africa would be on our wish list.

Having spent the last few months in a wildlife reserve amongst South African wildlife we were even keener for more of a hands-on approach in helping to make a difference to African wildlife conservation.

Wildlife volunteering gives you an opportunity to ‘give back to nature’ and to play a part in the much-needed conservation efforts within South Africa. Much of the wildlife in South Africa is endangered due to poaching, habitat loss, illegal hunting and other illegal activities.

“Volunteering with monkeys means … Copious cuddles and cuteness along with plenty of poop and pee.”

To be part of a wildlife volunteer program, it is important to have an interest in hands-on work with animals, be a team player and not precious about getting your hands dirty.

Here is our volunteering with monkeys in South Africa experience in 60 seconds: pink arrow

How to find a Program to volunteer with Animals in South Africa

It is important to make sure that the organisation you choose is credible and operates an ethical program.

Unfortunately, among the many opportunities to volunteer with animals in South Africa, there are those in which the resident wildlife are exploited. Many volunteers are unaware that they are contributing their valuable time to organisations involved in unethical breeding, petting or canned hunting. 

cute vervet monkey face

This little cutie, Hennie, loved to cuddle

With so many to choose from, it can be difficult to know which ‘sanctuaries’ are true sanctuaries and whether projects are truly rehabilitation, release and conservation-oriented.

We recommend checking out the actual organisation online as a start. There are organisations that act as agents for volunteer programs too, but it is sometimes not clear as to the actual volunteer program that you will be working for. Ask the agent for the details of the exact program and check out the program yourself.  

Use this Resource:

A really useful resource to use in this regard is the list produced by Volunteers Beware. They list all the Good, the Bad and the Ugly organisations providing opportunities to volunteer with Animals in South and Africa.

If you can’t find the organisation in their list – contact them and ask for their opinion. It is much better to get this feedback from an independent source such as this, who is on the ground in South Africa. 


Baby vervet monkey cuddles

Types of Volunteering Available With Animals in South Africa

Here are just a few types of animal volunteer activities that can be found in South Africa:

  • Providing care and enrichment for wildlife, including feeding, cleaning areas and general help
  • Assist in research collecting data to guide best practice for specific wildlife management
  • Community wildlife educational and environmental programs
  • Helping to conserve the environment, e.g. erosion control fence building, checking water points 
  • Use your skills to assist in managing the project, for example, media, technology, administration skills
  • Furthering a career choice, eg veterinary skills
2 white rhino in Kruger

Endangered rhinos need intensive and costly protection from poachers

Factors to Consider when Choosing a Wildlife Volunteer Program

  • What type of animals are involved?
  • Are you comfortable working in that environment?
  • Is there evidence of breeding? If so, what happens to the new animals? (Sadly, in South Africa, there are organisations that breed animals for canned hunting and unethical practices.)
  • If a sanctuary – are the animals being used as a tourist attraction with funds put towards conservation or are they going into the owner’s pockets?
  • If a rehabilitation centre, are the animals only handled when necessary or are they used as a money-making drawcard?  (As a general rule, animals that are being rehabilitated for release to the wild should have minimal human contact as necessary. So, although playing with leopard or lion cubs may seem enticing – it’s not in their best long term interests.)
  • Does the organisation support education projects?
  • What percentage of your volunteer fee goes towards accommodation, food and towards helping the wildlife?
  • Does the organisation encourage tourist interaction with the animals?  If so, are the animals best interest at heart?



Driving to a site, to monitor a troop of vervet monkeys that had recently been released into the wild

  •  No organisation should allow lion cub petting.

Many of the wildlife centres in South Africa no longer allow ‘petting’ of their lion and leopard cubs. This trend eventuated after much pressure from wildlife welfare groups. Therefore if you find an organisation that allows petting this is a big RED FLAG.

Many of the animals suffered in their development due to the excessive disruption to their day (it’s not only domestic cats that sleep a lot – big cats do too). Worse than that though, once they were no longer cute and cuddly the cubs were either destroyed or sold to game reserves for hunting.

Why Volunteer with Animals in South Africa?

South Africa is a country with stunning landscapes and a wealth of wildlife that leaves you in awe.

It is also a country still recovering from the atrocities of apartheid and can be confronting to the western visitor in regards to the extensive poverty that exists for so many.

The world wants the iconic African wildlife conserved, but the capacity for the South African Government to contribute to this project is severely limited. Millions of South Africans live in poverty and there are no spare funds to allocate to wildlife conservation.

Therefore the onus lies with individual organisations raising money themselves and using donations and volunteers to help run the conservation projects.

If you are reading this, then I assume you have a love of animals and a visit to Kruger National Park will be an experience of a lifetime.  Kruger has to be one of the most magical places in the world for animal lovers. Do not miss a visit here.


See the big five in Kruger National Park 

Volunteering with Monkeys in South Africa

We volunteered at a wildlife rehabilitation centre, where most of the animals were orphaned, injured or rescued pets.

As you can probably tell from our photos, many of the animals at the centre were vervet monkeys. It was the perfect place to volunteer in South Africa for someone who loves monkeys … err yes, that would be me, Shelley.  


The baby vervet monkeys need interaction and entertainment   

Unfortunately, the rehabilitation centre that we volunteered at is no longer operating due to lack of funding during the Covid-19 pandemic. Many wildlife organisations rely on international volunteers and donations and with travel coming to an abrupt halt, many organisations have struggled to survive.

If you are particularly interested in volunteering with primates in South Africa then these following organisations are reputable and operate ethically.

1. Vervet Monkey Foundation

The Vervet Monkey Foundation rehabilitates and provides sanctuary to over 500 primates. These include monkeys who have been orphaned, injured, abused, rescued from laboratories or unwanted pets.

Watch this video to find out more about the Vervet Monkey Foundation.

For details of the Vervet Monkey Foundation, volunteering program click here.

Location: Hoedspruit, Limpopo, South Africa

2. C.A.R.E. The Centre For Animal Rehabilitation and Education

The centre works towards caring for and conserving South Africa’s wildlife. They specialise in the rehabilitation and release of baboons. The centre is close to Kruger and as there are no fences separating the two, wildlife can freely roam. 

Watch this tour of C.A.R.E and find out all about its baboon program. 

For volunteer information click here. 

Location: Balule Nature Reserve, Greater Kruger, Limpopo

3. Monkeyland, Plettenberg Bay

Monkeyland in the Western Cape was the first free-roaming multi-species primate sanctuary. We didn’t volunteer at Monkeyland but visited and were really impressed with the facilities and the program.

…. And watch our video here 

For details about volunteering at Monkeyland KZN, click here.

Location: Near Plettenberg Bay, South Africa

4. Monkeyland, KZN

Monkeyland in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) is the sister sanctuary to Monkeyland in Plettenberg.  

Location: Near Ballito, KwaZulu-Natal

For details about volunteering at Monkeyland KZN, click here.

5. Daktari Bush School and Wildlife Orphanage

Daktari Bush School and Wildlife Orphanage teaches the local children about the environment and also cares for injured and abandoned animals. Volunteers can be involved with teaching the children and playing a part in educating the next generation as to the importance of wildlife conservation. 

Although not necessarily primate focused, you are likely to get hands-on experience of caring for the orphaned animals who cannot be rehabilitated back to the wild.

We heard good things about this organisation while in South Africa, and as it is located near to Kruger it’s another option to consider if you also want to visit Kruger National Park.

For details about volunteering at Daktari, click here or watch this video about them:

Along with the vervet monkeys, there were also banded mongoose, barn owls and African servals (bush cats) being rehabilitated at the centre.  


Nia, the serval 

Map of these Monkey Volunteering Options in South Africa

A Day in the Life of a Monkey Rehabilitation/Sanctuary Volunteer

Your volunteering day will be filled with various jobs depending on the needs of the centre/project and the wildlife at the time. Here’s a snippet of one of our days as a volunteer at an animal rehabilitation centre.

7 am: Chop and prepare food for all of the resident wildlife.

This included chopping the donated fruit and vegetables – the vervet monkeys normally had a choice of three different foods and their platters often looked so good that we wanted to tuck in too.


This isn’t our breakfast … it’s for the monkeys!

Local donations of food are extremely useful as feeding costs alone take a huge portion of funds. Foods donated to the centre that we volunteered at included cucumbers, papaya, broccoli, cauliflower, tomatoes, and macadamia nuts.

Fruit-donations of papaya, cucumbers and tomatoess

Local donations of food are an invaluable help in the running of wildlife centres.

7.30 am: Deliver food to the animals and assist with cleaning the cages.

The volunteers who weren’t chopping food would be cleaning the monkey’s cages. 

Cleaning the cages involved sweeping up any leaf debris, leftover food and hosing down the area to remove poop and pee – of which there was always plenty. You can’t be too squeamish when volunteering with animals and must be prepared to muck in.

If you are volunteering with primates and particularly if you are involved in rearing the babies, you will likely get monkey pee or poop on you – but hey, that’s all part of the fun!

tshirt with monkey poop on and shelley sweeping leaves and poop up in a monkey cage

Note the nice present down the back of the t-shirt!

9 am:  Have Breakfast 

We were staying in our 4×4 bush camper and provided our own food but normally volunteers are provided with accommodation and meals as part of their volunteer fees.

Our bush camper in the grounds of DIYWild

Camping in the rehabilitation centre grounds

9.30 am:  Miscellaneous Jobs 

After breakfast the jobs can include any of the following:

  • Clearing cages of old foliage and placing fresh branches, logs etc. inside
  • Extra cleaning of cages/wildlife areas
  • Offloading and cold-storage of fruit sourced via donations
  • Chopping trees for animal enrichment
  • Creating/making animal enrichment (things to interest the animals and to keep them entertained)
  • Cleaning the storage areas and fridges
Lars clearing leaves from the monkey cage
enrichment-for-monkeys - paddling pool and floating toys

12.00 pm: Lunch

2.00 pm: Miscellaneous Jobs as above

3.00 pm: Chop and prepare food for all of the resident wildlife.

The monkeys were fed fruit and vegetables again, but the predators, such as the servals, mongoose and barn owls were fed dead chicks in the afternoon.

mongoose eating dead chicks

Mongoose tucking in to its dinner

5.00 pm: Make porridge for the baby monkeys

If there are baby animals they often require an additional amount of attention. The baby Vervets needed extra milk and porridge supplements during the day.

Monkey with a milk moustache

6.00 pm: Dinner and socialise with other volunteers

Part of the volunteering experience is getting the chance to spend time with like-minded people and sharing your stories.

Volunteering with the Baby Monkeys

Our volunteering stint involved helping out with seventeen baby monkeys. These were the last year’s baby monkeys who were now socialising with each other along with three older surrogate parent monkeys.

Most of the babies were orphaned due to their mothers being shot by farmers or rescued from being kept as a pet. 

In the baby monkey season, November to February, volunteers will be needed for 24-hour care of these tiny little animals. It’s always a particularly busy time for the primate centres with the need to hand raise, bottle feed, and supervise the babies to ensure they get the correct mix of sleep, feed and play. 


Funding for Wildlife Conservation Projects

Most South African wildlife conservation programs do not get any government support and as non-profit organisations, rely heavily on donations and volunteers to continue their work.

Your volunteer donations go towards your accommodation and food costs as well as providing a means to continue South African wildlife conservation efforts.


Additionally, many organisations have donation pages, so even if you can’t physically volunteer in South Africa and would like like to help there are options.

So if you would like to offer your time or simply give a small donation – you will be helping to give a better life for South Africa’s precious wild animals either living in sanctuaries, being rehabilitated or to contribute to the efforts of conservation.

 Volunteering with Monkeys in South Africa Experience

We absolutely loved the experience of volunteering with animals in South Africa and also working alongside other volunteers and those who dedicate so much to wildlife conservation projects.

Have you volunteered with animals in South Africa? We’d love to hear about your experiences – drop us a line or leave a comment below. 

As always – happy to answer any questions you have 🙂 

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