15 Best Things to do in Luderitz, Namibia

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The Best Things to Do in Luderitz

We visited Luderitz on our two-month Namibian road trip. We thought we’d have some downtime, but as it happened, there were many things to do in Ludertiz.

Diamonds, ghost towns, wildlife and remote wilderness are all intertwined with this windy town lined with German colonial architecture and restaurants promising the freshest seafood.

You will be blown away by all the things to do in Luderitz … and if you hit the town in strong winds … you may actually be blown away!

If you are in a hurry, click on the links below to jump to parts that interest you, or take a leisurely browse and travel through Luderitz with us and enjoy the photos.

Abandoned train on road to Luderitz
Abandoned train on road into Luderitz

Planning a Trip to Namibia?

Quick Overview Video of Luderitz

Exploring Luderitz and its surrounds (Namibia)

Map of Things to do In Luderitz Namibia

15 of the Best Things to Do in Luderitz

We’ve gathered together all the best things to do in Luderitz; a mix of landscapes, wildlife, history and, in our opinion, the best bit of all — Kolmanskop Ghost Town.

1. Kolmanskop Ghost Town

Kolmanskop Ghost Town has to be one of the biggest drawcards for Luderitz. And it was certainly our favourite thing to do in Luderitz.

Being avid photographers we’d say that Kolmanskop has to be on your list of places to visit in Namibia. It is hauntingly beautiful and witnessing the desert reclaim this once-thriving diamond mine town stirs reflections of our impermanence.

The town came into existence in 1908 when the first diamonds were discovered. The town was built with the wealth being generated from the diamonds and as the inhabitants were German, the buildings were built in classic colonial style and to a high standard.

Kolmanskop - a corridor with sand mounting on one side
Kolmanskop Krankenhaus (hospital)

After the First World War, as the mining area became depleted and more lucrative diamond mining areas were found further south, the town began a decline. The last person left Kolmanskop in 1956.

Now, the only people to walk around this once-bustling mining town are tourists. Sand has encroached into every corner, barricading rooms and swallowing the past.

Entrance for a standard visit ( tour is included) is N$130.00 per person from 8 am to 1 pm Daily.

If you want to enter at sunrise you need to buy a permit on the previous day and then you can enter at any time during the day including the sunset. The cost of that ticket is N$330.

Tours as part of the entry price are at 9.30 am and 11.00 am Mon-Sat, and at 10.00 am on Sundays and holidays.

Kolmanskop is about 13 km from Luderitz, about a 15-minute drive.

Kolmanskop town from a distance
Kolmanskop Ghost Town

2. Visit Garub Pan to see the Namib Wild Horses

One of the best places to see the Namib wild horses is the special lookout at Garub Pan just off the B4. It’s about 20 kilometres from Aus, on the way to Luderitz.

Unfortunately, the numbers of these feral horses are dwindling. What was once a group of over 200 horses, now only around 70 remain.

The waterhole that helps sustain them has been beneficial to a spotted hyena clan. With available water and young foals on tap as prey, these hyenas are reluctant to move on.  This in turn is affecting the sustainability of these wild horses of the Namib.

 There are ongoing debates as to how to solve the situation. But for the moment, if you are lucky, you can still see these iconic horses surviving as best they can, digging for roots in the parched land.  

Two wild horses at Garup Pan
Namib wild horse near Garup Pan, just off the B4
Oryx-at-Garub Pan waterhole
Oryx at the Garub Pan waterhole
Three horses eating dry grasses
Wild horses that we saw further on along the D707

3. Drive the Scenic Seaside Route to Grosse Bucht

For a good introduction to the landscape around Luderitz, take a circular route around the rocky shoreline of Luderitz Penisula. From the town, drive past Second Lagoon and Grosse Bucht (Large Bay) towards Diaz Point, and then return via the coast on the eastern side of the peninsula. (See map above for route).

Humpback whales have been spotted in the bay on occasion, so stop and get out of the car for great views across the bay; you never know what you might see swimming by. You might spot some local Heaviside dolphins or Cape fur seals.

The eastern side of Grosse Brucht is out of bounds to the public, as it is part of the Sperrgebiet (a forbidden zone), created when the diamonds were discovered in the area.

Today it is still a serious offence to trespass in the no-go zones marked all along the B4 (as you drive into Luderitz) and in many areas around Luderitz.

Car driving on Luderitz Peninsula
Driving around Luderitz Peninsula

4. Birdwatching

On the drive from Luderitz to Gross Buchte and Dias Point, we saw lots of flamingos, particularly at Second Lagoon and on the coastal area with Dias Lighthouse in the distance.

Near to Grosse Buchte is a Damara tern breeding area, and depending on the season you may also spot common terns, sandwich terns, swift terns, white-fronted plovers, white-chinned petrels, sooty shearwaters, Cape Gannets, bank Cormorants, crowned cormorants, albatross, and more at the Luderitz Peninsula.

flamingos-with-Diaz lighthouse in the background
Diaz Lighthouse as a backdrop to a flamboyance of flamingos

5. Stand at Dias Point

Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias landed, in what is today known as Luderitz, in 1488. He installed a cross (a padrao) to mark his landing at this bay on his route around the tip of Africa. Dias named the bay Angra Pequena, meaning Small Bay in Portuguese.

The Dias Cross was declared a National Monument, and today, a replica cross, made from local Namib dolerite, stands in its place.

You can only visit the Dias cross at low tide because the bridge that was once a causeway to the cross no longer exists with only a few fragments remaining.

Across the bay from Dias Point is the Dias Point lighthouse. It opened in 1915 and is 28 m high. Interestingly, the lighthouse foghorn is 450 meters north of the lighthouse itself.

There is also a small cafe at Dias Point, Skip Skop — an ideal place to stop for coffee and cake.

Granite replacement of Diaz Cross that was placed there in 1488 by Bartolomeu Dias
Information board about Dias-Point-on-Luderitz-Peninsula

6. Shark Island

Shark Island, isn’t, as its name suggests, an island. It is a peninsula within the heart of Luderitz. Before the arrival of the German colonialists, it was but was later connected to the mainland.

Today, it is a great place to view Luderitz Bay and Penguin Island to the north. There is also a campsite, with ocean views and electricity… for the hardy campers.

With Lüderitz’s reputation for strong winds, I would imagine that you need a certain love of being buffeted and pummelled for a camping stop here to be enjoyable.

If the forecast was for little wind, it may be worth the risk.  Otherwise, you may find yourself blown half away across the South Atlantic and end up somewhere in the midst of South America.

In the middle of Shark Island, you’ll find a memorial to Adolf Luderitz, founder of Luderitz, and one to the German soldiers who lost their lives during the colonial rebellions against the local Herero and Nama people in the early 1900s.

Although the bougainvillea-framed views back to Luderitz town are pretty, Shark Island’s past isn’t so attractive.

View of Luderitz town s seen from Shark Island
Luderitz town as seen from Shark Island

After the Herero Wars, the Germans established a concentration camp on Shark Island, and around 3000 Herero and Nama people died there. It was known as “Death Island’ as so many died due to hunger, beatings, forced labour, sexual abuse and exposure to harsh conditions without shelter.

There is no obvious memorial on Shark Island in memory of this — which seems strange to an outsider. This dark past won’t just blow away in the prevailing winds.

Adolf-Luderitz-memorial on Shark Island
Adolf Luderitz Memorial stone on Shark Island

7. Stroll Along Agate Beach

On the way to the beach, just past the sewerage plant, we saw many gemsboks and a few springbok grazing on one of the few places we encountered green vegetation.

It looked like there were allotments for growing vegetables near the sewerage plant – maybe benefiting from sewerage? 

Oryx walking in sand dunes behind Agate Beach Luderitz
Small lagoon near Agate Beach

A bit further on at the bottom of the hill from the sewerage plant was a lake with a purple tinge. Maybe there are certain minerals in the water making it that colour or runoff from the plant? 

Flamingos seemed happy to be feeding in there, so we’re assuming it’s not too bad.

Imagining the beach to be rocky we were pleasantly surprised to find a sweeping stretch of sand. Spaced out along the dunes, were braai (BBQ) stands and toilets. 

You can find agate along the beach, but we didn’t spot any. 

Agate Beach with individual BBQ and seating area
Agate Beach - long and sandy
Agate Beach, Luderitz, Namibia
photo of Aghate stone - an orangey coloured stone
Sample of Aghate stone at Luderitz Museum

8. Visit Luderitz Museum

Luderitz Museum is on Diaz Street, just a short five-minute walk downhill from Felsenkirche, which can be seen from many places in the town as it is perched high on the granite outcrops.

The museum documents the history of the town and the diamond mining that was so monumental in the growth of the town. There are also exhibits about Namibia’s indigenous people and their culture as well as information on local animal species.

Luderitz Museum is open from 3.30 pm to 5 pm Monday to Friday and costs N$30.00 per person.

Display cabinet at the Luderitz museum containing artifacts of the local indigenous people
Artifacts on display at Luderitz Museum

Luderitz History

Luderitz, was originally called Angra Pequena (named by Dias) and, !Nami#Nûs by the local Nami People. In 1883, Adolf Luderitz, a German, bought Angra Pequena, which had become an important trading post, from the local Nami Chief.

Three years later, when he didn’t return from an expedition, the town was renamed in his honour to Luderitzbucht (Luderitz Bay).  

In 1909, the town of Luderitz flourished when diamonds were found and consequently mined for a short period at the nearby town of Kolmanskop.

Luderitz Museum photos of people associated with the town
Luderitz Museum

9. Eat seafood in Luderitz

“You must try the seafood at Luderitz,” implored the police officer who was dealing with our camper break-in while we were staying in Keetmanshoop.

(Side note: we had most of our clothes stolen but luckily our cameras and laptops were with usthis is exactly why we have travel insurance!)

So, as you do when a police officer tells you to do something, once we arrived in Luderitz, we did indeed sample the seafood.

If you are a regular reader, you’ll know that we are budget travellers who rarely eat out. This was therefore a treat, and we chose the Portuguese Fisherman as recommended by the local tourist information office in the centre of town.

We do love our fish and chips, so we had hake and chips with a side of calamari (however, the calamari didn’t come as a side, so it too came with chips). We were also convinced by the waitress for one of us to try the kingklip (a type of fish), as an alternative to the hake (which was, of course, more expensive … and as it happened, we preferred the hake anyway, but when in Luderitz …

If you are visiting Luderitz in late April, then you will want to time it around the Luderitz crayfish festival. It’s held annually and the 2023 dates are: 27th April – 1st May 2023

Colourful Berg street in Luderitz
Colourful Berg Street in Luderitz, with a local Bar, Barrels in red at the end

10 . Visit Felsenkirche

Felsenkirch, meaning rock church, was built in 1911 and has since become a national monument.

You’ll find this relatively small church at the top of the steep Diamond Hill. At the pinnacle, with its foundations built on rock, Felsenkirch overlooks the town and the ocean.

If you view the church from the ocean side, you’ll see it sits on the crest of the coastal rocks.

The inside of this Evangelical Lutheran church is modest, apart from the beautiful stained glass windows which dominate the walls. The stained-glass panel situated over the altar was donated by Kaiser Wilhelm II.

The church is open daily from 5-6 pm and is free of charge.

Luderitz church on a hill
Felsenkirche in Luderitz
inside of the luderitz felsenkirche with stained glass windows
Inside Felsenkirche in Luderitz

11. Windsurfing and Kite Surfing in Luderitz

With some of the strongest winds on record, it’s hardly surprising that Luderitz is home to the annual Lüderitz Speed Challenge. It’s normally held for about a month in November.

The Lüderitz Speed Challenge is an official Speed Record Chase for Windsurfers and Kitesurfer approved by the WSSRC (World Sailing Speed Record Council), which also partners with the Guinness World Records.

In 2021, legendary Dutch windsurfing legend Bjorn Dunkerbeck set a world speed record of 103.67 km/h at the Luderitz Speed Challenge.

Being in Luderitz in March, meant we were only watching the flamingos up and down the beach — and they weren’t setting any speed records that’s for sure

12. Catamaran to Halifax Island

Halifax Island, just off the west coast of Luderitz is home to hundreds of African penguins.

You can grab a catamaran tour that leaves Luderitz Harbour daily at 8 am and returns at 10.15 am. The tour takes you around Dias Point and you are likely to see the heavy-side dolphins and other marine life.

You need to book in advance and the tour costs N$500.00 per person (Under 12s are free).

African penguin on Halifax Island Luderitz
Photo of the African penguins on Halifax Island in Luderitz Museum

13. Visit the Sperrgebiet National Park

Sperrgebiet Park, now called Tsau//Khaeb National Park, is a diamond mining area and is also part of the Namib Desert. Sperrgebiet means the prohibited area in German and even though many areas are not being actively mined, most of the park is still off-limits to the public.

The park is jointly owned by the Debeers Diamond Mining Company and the Namibian government — creating the Namdeb Diamond Corporation.

It isn’t possible to visit the park by yourself, only those who hold a concession from the Ministry of Tourism and Environment can take you there.

Therefore, you need to arrange a tour. Some of these include visiting the Pomona Ghost Town and Boganfels Rock, a 55 m high lime rock arch, formed like a bridge.

Enquire at the Tourist Information Centre in Bismarck Street, for more information.

Sperrgebiet National Park – mainly of limits to the public

14. Stroll the town and admire its German Architecture

Luderitz was owned and colonised by the Germans from the early 20th century. Its buildings are therefore typically styled in the Art Nouveau style of that time.

One of the nicest streets, with bright and colourful houses, is the Berg, which also happens to be the street at the bottom of the hill from Felsenkirche.

The blue house on the corner is often photographed as a classic example of the interesting architecture in Luderitz.

Berg Street, Luderitz

15. Visit Goerke Haus – Once one of the most Extravagant Houses of Luderitz

One of the houses in Luderitz, the Goerke Haus, is open as a museum and is listed as a National monument.

It was once one of the most extravagant houses in Luderitz. Goerke Haus was owned by Lieutenant Hans Goerke, It was designed by architect Otto Ertl and constructed in 1910 seemingly into the rocks around it.

Hans Goerke originally came to Namibia with the German colonial fighting force, but he later resigned and made his wealth in the diamond industry. He only lived in the house for two years, as he left Namibia, which at the time was known as South West Africa.

The house was later used as a Magistrate’s house, a corporate guest house and then later renovated and opened as a museum.

Check the opening times at the Luderitz tourist information because the times seem to regularly change.

Goerke Haus in Luderitz
Goerke Haus in Luderitz

Where to Stay in Luderitz

We did look at camping, but when we realised how windy it can be in Luderitz, we opted to stay in an apartment instead.

We stayed in Ocean Life Apartments – which were one of the cheapest we could find. However, the tv wasn’t connected ad although advertised with free wifi – this was either not working or slow.

The room was clean though and the shower was hot, so I guess it wasn’t too bad for the price. Unfortunately, we were blocked in the car park two mornings in a row so that made the stay very frustrating.

🛏 We love using Booking. com because many options include free cancellation, saving you money if your plans change

⭐️ Search for your Luderitz accommodation deals here⭐️

How to get to Luderitz

Luderitz is easily reached along the B4 which leads directly from Aus.

We’ve included various distances and times from other places in Namibia to help you in your planning.

  • Distance from Keetmanshoop to Luderitz: 340km / 3.5 hours
  • Distance from Swakopmund to Luderitz: 800 km / 9.5 hours
  • Distance from Mariental to Luderitz: 484 km / 5.5 Hours
  • Distance from Aus to Luderitz: 125 km / 1 hr 15 mins
luderitz-sign on the hill
Luderitz sign in the rocks

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1. Is Lüderitz worth a visit?

Luderitz is worth visiting, with its main attraction being the unique ghost town, Kolmanskop. What was once a bustling diamond mining town, is now slowly being reclaimed by the desert — a fascinating sight.

But there are a host of other tourist attractions in Luderitz. You can visit Garub Pan to spot Namib wild horses, find oryx and springbok wandering in the dunes by Luderitz’s Agate Beach, visit the local museum to find out about its diamond mining history, climb the hill to its church on the rocks, and taste the freshly caught seafood Luderitz is so famous for.

Wild horse sign on side of road
Look out for the Namib Wild Horses on your way to Luderitz
2. What is Lüderitz known for?

Luderitz is known for: its diamond mining history, its marine wildlife such as heavy side dolphins, Cape fur seals and penguins, its seafood restaurants, its colonial German architecture, its incredible winds and for being the annual host of the Luderitz speed challenge.

3. Who discovered Lüderitz in Namibia?

Luderitz was first discovered by Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias in 1488. He placed a cross in the Bay where he landed, naming the bay Angra Pequena, meaning Small Bay in Portuguese.
However, in 1883, Adolf Luderitz bought the rights of the land from the local Nama Chief. Three years later, in 1886, Luderitz didn’t return from an expedition and the town was renamed Luderitzbucht (Luderitz Bay) in his honour.

4. Is Kolmanskop worth it?

Kolmanskop is an incredible place that developed at the height of the diamond mining boom but was abandoned later when more lucrative mining sites were found further south. To see how the desert is slowly reclaiming this town, with mounds of rippled sand encroaching into buildings is a unique spectacle.

Kolmanskop Ghost Town Chie-engineers-house

Things to do in Luderitz… That’s a Wrap

Luderitz isn’t one of the must-see places that pop up on a Namibian Road trip route, probably because it involves a detour inland from Aus.  

This part of Namibia’s southern coast is worth a stopover though. Kolmanskop is magnetic enough, but Luderitz has a charm of its own which is also worth stopping for.

 From exploring the colonial architecture and museum exhibits to enjoying fresh seafood, bird watching, and beach combing, there are plenty of things to do in Luderitz for all types of travellers.

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