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Drum Castle Scotland

What will you find in this Post?

A mixture of Information, history, interesting snippets and what it’s like to visit Drum Castle.

It was a blustery, wet day when we drove along the impressive driveway leading to Drum Castle. The biting wind nipped at our cheeks, and black clouds darkened the skies. Signs for woodland walks and walled gardens beckoned, but we wasted no time in heading straight to the castle entrance, stepping inside its weathered, worn walls just as the heavens opened.

Just the type of day you might expect to hear haunting laughter echoing through the halls or catch a glimpse of a fading vision roaming the castle corridors — unearthly beings trying to tell their stories.

The raging wild weather seemed somewhat fitting for our exploration of the 700-year-old Drum Castle. The wind howled and rain pelted the castle’s windows. It reminded me of the bleak highland heaths and the torrent of bloody battles that have been fought across Scotland over the centuries.

Drum Castle Ghosts

It was just the type of day you might expect to hear the haunting laughter echoing through the halls or footsteps in the castle’s corridors — unearthly beings trying to tell their stories. Several tales tell of a vision of a little boy running in the castle grounds, laughing and playing. Those who believe in the paranormal, suggest it is the 6-year-old son of the 20th Laird of Drum Castle, Alexander Irvine, who died in 1865.

Others have heard footsteps, noted moved items in one of Castle Drum’s bedrooms and seen the vision of a woman resembling that of the late Anna Forbes Irvine (1828-1900). Anna was Alexander’s mother and wife to the 20th Laird, also called Alexander. (The tradition of naming children the same name as the father gets awfully difficult when researching genealogy and trying to explain relationships when so many generations carry the same names.)

Drum Castle harbours a vast Scottish history and a wander through both its original and extended quarters, reveals a myriad of stories. You learn about the lives that stood on the very spot you stand today. Gazing out of the window from the Grand Hall, I see not only my own reflection but imagine all those that once called Drum Castle their home.

Back view of Castle Drum with autumn trees and leaves on the ground

The view of the back of the castle (which would have been the entrance)

Drum Castle — Home to the Irvine Clan

Robert the Bruce (the famed Scottish king who won back Scotland’s independence from English rule in 1328), gave his long-time confidant and secretary, William de Irwin, the Drum Castle Tower in 1323. The square-shaped Castle tower, one of Scotland’s oldest tower houses today, then remained home to the Irvine clan until 1975 when it was bequeathed, by the 24th and last Laird of Drum Castle, Henry Quentin Forbes Irvine, to the National Trust of Scotland.  

What is the ‘National Trust for Scotland’?

The National Trust for Scotland is a charity that is involved in protecting many of Scotland’s historic places and landscapes — the many jewels that visitors to Scotland treasure and hold dear in their memories long after they leave Scottish shores.

The National Trust is the custodian of the places that tell Scotland’s story. An army of thousands of volunteers tends to the 88 properties, 300,000 artefacts and more than 76,000 hectares of countryside and gardens. 

National Trust; https://www.nts.org.uk/visit/places/drum-castle

If you plan on visiting many of the trusts treasures, then it will be worthwhile buying a pass, which gives you free entry and parking at all sites. We bought an annual pass and are looking forward to making the most of it throughout Scotland.

The Drum’s tower house was built in1298 and many believe it was designed by the same architect who designed the Brig O Balgownie, due to its similar style and construction.

The mansion connected to the tower house was built in the Jacobean period, in 1619, and further extensions were added in the Victorian era of the 1800s. One of those extensions involved converting the lower hall in the Tower House to a library. The resplendent library now holds an impressive 4000 books.

castle drum tower house

Castle Drum’s Square Tower House

Castle Drum Library

The impressive Victorian Library in Castle Drum’s Tower House

The Selfie above the Mantel

Taking pride of place above the mantel in Drum Castle’s Tower House library is the equivalent of a modern-day selfie. A self-portrait of the Laird of Drum, Hugh Irvine, dominates one of the walls. At first glance, you may mistakenly think it is a painting of the archangel Gabriel. And you would be right… sort of. Remember this is a self-portrait that Hugh Irvine painted and indicative of how this egotistical Laird saw himself.

I suppose it isn’t very different to many social media influencers of today. Not the fact that they see themselves as godly, but the images they portray are often a far cry from reality. Light flowery dresses being worn on snow-covered mountains spring to mind. While hiking in Iceland, in sub-zero temperatures, I saw one girl posing in front of a waterfall wearing nothing but shorts, a flimsy shirt and a bobble hat. She looked adorable. Five minutes later, she was back in her winter warmers and blending in nicely with the rest of us, all layered up and looking much like walking cocoons. The nonsensical expectations are then ‘liked and shared’ for others to unrealistically aspire to.

But I digress … Back to Hugh Irvine and his Godly aspirations.

This view that the Royals were God-like and their powers divine, wasn’t just an idea held by the Irvines; many held this ‘Royalist’ belief. In contrast, there were those who felt that God, rather than the royals who held the greater power. These were the ‘Covenanters’.

As with much of Scotland’s history, the ideas and differences between the opposing rivals are much more complicated than can be explained here. But, put simply, their difference in religious and political ideologies led to a civil war with unrest and rebellions. Needless to say, the Covenanters attacked the royalist Irvine’s Drum Castle several times. However, the castle recovered and luckily wasn’t destroyed in the process.

Castle Drum’s Grand Hall

The main hall of the Castle was where we found our extremely knowledgeable National Trust guide and volunteer, John. The information he imparted brought the histories of the Irvines and Drum Castle to life. You can wander through the castle alone, but we recommend finding some time to chat with a guide to more deeply connect to the history of the place.

The Drum’s 17th Laird fought alongside Prince Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie) at the Battle of Culloden in 1745 and it is believed that Mary Irvine, whose portrait as a young girl can be found in the main hall, hid her brother in a secret chamber of the castle for three years after he escaped the battle. It would have been a difficult task because the victors of Culloden, the English government troops, were garrisoned at the castle.

The grand hall of Castle Drum with portraits of the lord and ladies covering the cream walls.

The Grand Hall of Drum Castle

A red and white porcelain tulip holder

Tulip holder on display in the Grand Hall

The display cabinets show off many porcelain pieces and at first glance, the central piece in the image above looks much like a candle holder. However, the slanted angle of the holes suggest otherwise. This was in fact, a tulip holder. A tulip vase was a display of wealth because in the 1630s ‘Tulip Mania’ struck and the value of a tulip bulb was so high it could buy you a ship.

The main hall has large windows looking out onto the castle’s arboretum, but for many centuries, there were minimal windows in the castle. Up to the late 1800s, a window tax was payable on any property with more than six windows. Interestingly, this may be where the saying, ‘Daylight robbery’ came from.

Drum Castle Dining Hall

The Grand Hall leads you through to the equally grand dining hall. Many of the items on display gave an insight into how very different life once was at Drum castle.

Some interesting facts we discovered in the Dining at Drum Castle:

  • A lockable knife box was common place in the dining room. After dinner, the butler would take all knives from the table and lock them away. This was to prevent access to dangerous items due to regular arguments and fights breaking out among the gentlemen after dinner.
  • The tea caddy was also lockable because tea was expensive and sugar considered an ultimate luxury. Hard for us to imagine in the modern day where a cup of tea is such a basic staple.
  • Functions can be booked in the Dining Hall and it is often used on Burns Night, the 31st of January, in celebration of Robert Burns (who wrote the poem, Birks of Aberfeldy) with haggis suppers.
dining room with an oval wooden table set with fine dining ware and many portraits on the walls

The Grand Dining Room at Castle Drum

lockable Victorian Tea Caddy

The lockable Victorian tea caddy

Drum Castle Timeline

1298: Tower House built

1323: Gifted to the Irvines by Robert the Bruce

1500: Drum Castle Chapel built

1619: Jacobean mansion added (Jacobean – King James rule— Jacobus is Latin for James)

1800s: Victorian extensions and lower hall of tower converted to a library.

1975: Irvine family gave Drum Castle to Scottish National Trust

Drum Castle Walks

Farms and woodland surround Drum Castle. The most impressive wood is the Old Wood of Drum, which was once the royal hunting forest. This old forest dates to the 12th century and some of its oak trees still standing have been here since the 1700s.

Back in its heyday, the Wood of Drum supplied many ships and buildings with its fine oak, but today its ancient woodland is home to red squirrels, red kites, badgers, and roe deer. Additionally, it is designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI).

There are three main walks at Drum Castle:

  • Woodland Walk: 1.5km/1mile
  • Drumhill Trail: 1.5km/1mile
  • Farmland Walk
Pathway through trees at Drum Castle

There are several walks to choose from at Castle Drum

Drum Castle Gardens

There are several gardens to wander at Drum Castle. We would suggest that the summer season is the best time to visit both the walled and wildlife garden. However, the pond garden looked spectacular with its autumn colours.

Walled Garden of Historic Roses

The best time to view the Historic Rose Garden is in June and July when the collection of rare and exotic roses blossom and send their scintillating scent through the air. We were there in late Autumns, so the walled garden will hold its secrets until next June when we shall return to discover the history of the Drum Castles roses.

There are four quadrants that display the varying rose garden displays from the formal styled 17th-century designs through to the more informal of the 20th century. I look forward to sharing the experience with you next year and filling this part of the post with beautiful blooms.

This video shows the historic rose garden in summer and highlights what the volunteers who work there think of this tranquil place.

Pond Garden

Just a short stroll down from the castle you’ll come across the Pond Garden. A tranquil place that had a vibrant red Japanese Maple in peak form when we were there in early November.

Drum pond garden with red maple leaves dripping over pond

Wildlife Garden

In autumn there wasn’t much happening here, but in summer I would imagine it is buzzing with life. The perfect place to stop and appreciate nature’s wildlife.

wildlife garden sign

Castle Drum’s Arboretum and Chapel

Behind the castle, you’ll find the arboretum and pinetum, dating from the 18th and 19th centuries. Here you’ll find a mix of Monterey pines, giant redwoods, umbrella pines, Japanese cedars and silver firs. Leading off from the Arboretum you will also find the Castle’s Chapel, built in 1500, nestled between the trees.

A triangular roofed grey stone chapel with steps covered in autumn leaves leading up to the entrance

Drum Castle’s Chapel

inside of the chapel with a stain glass window at the opposite end of the entrance above the alter

Visiting Drum Castle

Not only do you have the castle, chapel, walks and gardens to explore, but Drum Castle also has a tea room and a cute little shop with classic Scottish mementoes to buy.

Teddies dressed in a tartan kilt and hat

The bagpipes play when you push this Scottish teddy’s chest



Where is Drum Castle?

Drum Castle is in Aberdeenshire Scotland and is about a 30-minute drive from Aberdeen.

Address: Drum Castle, Drumoak by Banchory, Aberdeenshire, AB31 5EY

Map of Drum Castle

Drum Castle Opening Times

The grounds of Drum castle are always open, but you will need to check the opening times of the castle, its tearoom, Mary’s Larder, and the Walled Rose Garden. 

Check full opening times here. and here for Tours that include visits to Drum Castle.

To save money on Activities in Northeast Scotland, a Northern pass will give you 50% off many destinations.

The front of Drum Castle showing the square tower, the mansion and green lawn

Drum Castle … That’s a Wrap

As we were leaving Castle Drum, there was a break in the weather and the tower’s battlements were bathed in sunlight. For all the heartache and joys that would have graced its walls, Drum Castle lives on and will be protected for future generations to hear its stories, and if they listen carefully … maybe they too, will hear the chuckles of young Alexander or the footsteps of his mother as she roams the rooms of her 700-year-old castle.

With every step into Scotland’s past, my intrigue and quest to learn about its history becomes increasingly intense. Scotland calls for me to hear its stories, to breathe its highland air and to absorb it into my very soul.

It’s a very good job we’ll be here for another year 🙂


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